Cosmetic Surgery in India

What is Cosmetic Surgery?

Cosmetic surgery is an optional procedure that is performed on normal parts of the body with the only purpose of improving a person’s appearance and/or removing signs of aging. Cosmetic surgery has become more popular, and India has become one of the Asia's biggest cosmetic surgery markets. The cosmetic surgery in India underwent a radical change over the last decade. More and more people are accepting and its affordability confirms its value and need. The number of aesthetic surgery procedures performed has increased to a great level. Earlier cosmetic surgery was only confined to the health and well-being of the patient, such as reconstructing a dislodged eye, skin-grafting for serious burns, repairing a broken nose and treating a birthmark across the face. But now the surgery is intended to correct all the dysfunctional areas of the body for enhancing the overall appearance.

Plastic surgery is the surgical correction or restoration of a form or function. Plastic surgery involves both a person’s appearance and the ability to function. Plastic surgery is synonymous with cosmetic surgery. Plastic surgery has two branches, cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery. It is concerned to improve patient’s appearance and self-image through both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures. The different types of surgeries are breast plastic surgery, facial plastic surgery, and many more.

Aesthetic Surgery Aesthetic surgery is an essential component of plastic surgery and includes facial and body aesthetic surgery. Plastic surgeons use cosmetic surgical principles in all reconstructive surgical procedures as well as isolated operations to improve overall appearance. Burn Surgery Burn surgery generally takes place in two phases. Acute burn surgery is the treatment immediately after a burn. Reconstructive burn surgery takes place after the burn wounds have healed. Craniofacial Surgery Craniofacial surgery is divided into pediatric and adult craniofacial surgery. Pediatric craniofacial surgery mostly revolves around the treatment of congenital anomalies of the craniofacial skeleton and soft tissues, such as cleft lip and palate, craniosynostosis, and pediatric fractures. Adult craniofacial surgery deals mostly with fractures and secondary surgeries (such as orbital reconstruction) along with orthognathic surgery. Craniofacial surgery is an important part of all plastic surgery training programs, further training and subspecialisation is obtained via a craniofacial fellowship. Hand Surgery Hand surgery is concerned with acute injuries and chronic diseases of the hand and wrist, correction of congenital malformations of the upper extremities, and peripheral nerve problems (such as brachial plexus injuries or carpal tunnel syndrome). Hand surgery is an important part of training in plastic surgery, as well as microsurgery, which is necessary to replant an amputated extremity. The Hand surgery field is also practiced by orthopedic surgeons and general surgeons (see Hand surgeon). Scar tissue formation after surgery can be problematic on the delicate hand, causing loss of dexterity and digit function if severe enough. Microsurgery Microsurgery is generally concerned with the reconstruction of missing tissues by transferring a piece of tissue to the reconstruction site and reconnecting blood vessels. Popular subspecialty areas are breast reconstruction, head and neck reconstruction, hand surgery/replantation, and brachial plexus surgery. Pediatric Plastic Surgery Children often face medical issues very different from the experiences of an adult patient. Many birth defects or syndromes present at birth are best treated in childhood, andpediatric plastic surgeons specialize in treating these conditions in children. Conditions commonly treated by pediatric plastic surgeons include craniofacial anomalies, cleft lip and palate and congenital hand deformities.
Cosmetic Surgery Procedures

Cosmetic plastic surgery includes surgical and nonsurgical procedures that reshape normal structures of the body in order to improve appearance and self-esteem. Healthy individuals with a positive outlook and realistic expectations are appropriate candidates for cosmetic procedures. Plastic surgery is a personal choice and should be done for yourself, not to fulfill someone else's desires or to try to fit an ideal image. Because it is elective, cosmetic surgery is usually not covered by health insurance.

Reconstructive Surgery : Reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal structures of the body caused by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors or disease. It is generally performed to improve functions, but may also be done to approximate a normal appearance. Reconstructive surgery is generally covered by most health insurance policies, although coverage for specific procedures and levels of coverage may vary greatly. The main purpose is to improve function but it can be used to approximate a normal appearance. Some of the surgeries are –

  • Breast Reconstruction
  • Breast Reduction
  • Cleft Lip and Palate
  • Hand Surgery
  • Scar Revision
  • Skin Cancer Removal
  • Tissue Expansion
  • Elective Cosmetic Surgery : Being unhappy about your appearance such as a large nose, wrinkles or fat around your belly or hips are some of the common reasons for choosing to have cosmetic surgery.

    Non Surgical Cosmetic Procedures

    Some cosmetic procedures, such as Botox injections, don't involve surgery but this doesn't mean they're without risk. It's important to use a reputable practitioner who is properly qualified. Follow these tips to find a qualified and safe practitioner.

    Non-surgical cosmetic procedures involve products or techniques that make the skin look smoother, or make marks on the skin look less obvious. There are also procedures to change the way teeth look, such as making them whiter or straighter.

    What non-surgical treatments are there?

    There are various procedures available, including:

  • Muscle paralysis, such as injections of botulinum toxin (Botox) to relax facial muscles and make lines and wrinkles less obvious
  • Dermal fillers, injected into wrinkles or creases to fill them out
  • Chemical peels, which use chemicals to remove the outer layer of skin cells
  • Microdermabrasion, which uses fine crystals and a vacuum to remove dead skin cells
  • Non-surgical laser and intense light treatments, such as laser hair removal
  • Some treatments can leave the treated area sensitive or red for days or weeks.

    Cosmetic Surgery Versus Plastic Surgery

    Cosmetic surgery is performed on normal, healthy body parts in order to improve their appearance. People opt for this surgery to change the way they look, based on their own ideals of beauty. While plastic surgery or reconstructive surgery involves correcting an abnormality resulting from a birth defect, accident or health condition. Often, reconstructive surgery addresses not only a deformed appearance , but also seeks to correct or improve some deficiency or abnormality in the function of the body part.

    Technology and Techniques for Plastic and Cosmetic Surgeries

    The term minimally invasive refers to the use of newer technology used in plastic surgery, such as laser, to perform procedures that once required extensive surgery and take a lot of recovery time. Plastic surgeons today have a variety of tools and techniques that make face and eye lift procedures more accessible and affordable.

    Most doctors in the cosmetic profession offer comprehensive laser treatments for the wholesome satisfaction of their clients. Laser treatments in India are highly preferred as they are available at affordable prices and the procedures assure exceptional results.

    Cost for Cosmetic Surgery in India

    The healthcare facilities of India offer the cosmetic surgeries at a very affordable prices as compared to other countries like America. The cost of cosmetic surgery in India is less expensive as compared to the cost for the same surgery in America. The medical procedures, facilities and technologies are highly advanced in India which invites the patients from all over the world.